Shanah Tovah ~ שנה טובה
In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall observe a day of rest, a memorial proclaimed with the blast of the Horn,a holy convocation and you shall not do any servile work
~ Vayikra 23: 24-25 ~
It is fascinating that Rosh Hashanah is the Jewish New Year, as it is not been called this in the Torah, the truth is that this day comes in the seventh month of calendar year and was given a different name. The Jewish New Year starts in the spring in the month of Nisan, we can read this in Shemot 12:2, which is the new agricultural year.
However the Sages gave much more significance to the first Shabbos of the fall holidays, eventually became a spiritual New Year and is known as Yom Teruah, which means ' The day of the Shofar ' , this day became Rosh Hashanah, the head of the year. Rosh Hashanah is to represent the 'Day of Repentance ' it also marks the start of the Ten-Day periode of spiritual self- examination and repentance which be fulfilled with Yom Kippur, the ' Day of Atonement ' is about intensive davening this day, during the Ten-days the gates of prayer and repentance are more open than any other day during the whole of the year.
As Rosh Hashanah is Yom Teruah, In prayer we call it Yom Harikaron ' The Day of Remembrance ' but also Yom Hadin, which means ' The Day of Judgement ' this is the big day for us as HaShem determines the fate of all of us a year ahead.
Rosh Hashanah together with Yom Kippur, ten days later, is part of Yamin Nora'im, also known as the Ten days of Awe.
On the night of Rosh Hashanah we wish men' Shanah Tovah tikatev vetichatem' and the women with 'Shanah Tovah Tikatevee v'tichatemee ' we are wishing to be inschribed and sealed for a good year.
We light the candles each evening at sundown.
On Rosh Hashanah we are having festive meals, and a good time with our loved ones, we have a tradition to dip appels in honey, and with this we hoop to evoke a sweet new year.
Lighting candles at 29 Elul, 18 minutes before sunset.
Rosh Hashanah 1 & 2 Tishrei